Tag Archives: Steinzeit

Crimean Middle Paleolithic Crescent Point

  This is a crescent 5,5 cm long Middle Paleolithic Point (Fig 1: ventral, Fig 2: dorsal) with a left sided continuous  retouche on the ventral side and bilateral flat retouches on the dorsal side, creating a delicate pointed end. … Continue reading

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The “Pope of Prehistory” L’abbe´ Breuil

The Master Thinker: L’abbé Henri Breuil (Fig. 1) was a French “master thinker” avant la lettre, which played an eminent role during the 20th century in the Archaeological discourse in France. As the “pope of Prehistory”- he spoke “ex cathedra” –  an apodictic stance that did … Continue reading

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Isturitz: An important Paleolithic site in the Pyrénées

  From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository The Caves of Isturitz, Oxocelhaya and Erberua (Fig. 1) are part of a karstic ensemble, known as the The Gaztelu hill.  This ensemble is located in the Arbéroue Valley in the Department … Continue reading

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A short journey through the early Aurignacian of Central and South Europe

This are some artifacts from a the European (Proto)-Aurignacian. Overall the geochronology of the (Proto) Aurignacian ensembles in Central and South Europe is complex  and during the last years several broad phases have been proposed: An early phase including the … Continue reading

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Popular Paleolithic: Is there anything new for the interested German speaking public?

Books about Prehistory written in German for an interested non-professional public are notorious rare. Some days ago one important overview about Paleolithic Archeology (mainly of Middle Europe) was published, that is recommended to everyone interested in this issue. Jürgen Richter … Continue reading

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Polyhedrons / Spheroids / Bola Stones

This is a Spheroid/Polyhedron from the Acheulian of central France. Such findings are found in old middle Pleistocene river terraces together with large quantities of Bifaces. A Spheroid/Polyhedron is a blocky core  with more than one discrete worked edge. Polyhedral … Continue reading

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Azilian Monopoint from the Roc d’Abeilles site

This is a delicate (4,2 cm long) very flat (within a sub millimeter range) Azilian Monopoint from the Roc d’Abeilles site, near Périgueux which was excavated by Champagne and Espitalié during the 1930ies with the limited techniques of their time. Anyhow the … Continue reading

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Deconstruction of the MTA-B

This is a backed Mousterian “knife” from the North European plain, certainly not connected with a hypothetical MTA-B. This finding was associated with non-Levalloisian Middle Paleolithic tools as shown in Figure 2. Two variants have been distinguished within the MTA. … Continue reading

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Notched Points during the late Paleolithic and Mesolithic of Europe

This is a notched bone point (16 cm long) of unknown age. The base is  flattened, thus indicating that it was produced for permanent hafting. Points with a row of fine oblique teeth. (Kunda type point) first appeared during the Middle … Continue reading

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Obsidian tools of Pastoral Neolithic groups from the Lake Naivasha basin (Kenya)

  Saharan herders and hunters spread southward to the Sahel, reaching eastern Africa by 4.5 k.a. cal BP. The earliest pastoralists entered southern Kenya through the Great Rift Valley by 3,2 k.a. cal BP, having migrated southward from the Lake Turkana region where they had … Continue reading

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