Tag Archives: Nubian Complex

“Nubian Point” from the Lower Nil Valley

This is a Nubian (Levallois) Point, very different from the European or Levantine Levallois Points (10x6x0,5 cm). Such broad pointed Flakes are the end product of an operational chain, usually starting with the production of Nubian 2-mode cores. Nubian points are part of … Continue reading

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Paleolithic Foliates in Africa

  Fig. 1 shows two bifacially retouched MSA foliates from the central Sahara made from Quartzite, the larger one is 12,5 cm long. Foliates are part of  four important African technocomplexes: the early Nubian complex, the Aterian, the Lupemban and the Stillbay … Continue reading

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The earliest Upper Paleolithic in the Nil Valley

Last year Douka et al. published that McBurney’s Layer XXV Haua Fteah cave (Cyrenaica, northeast Libya), associated with Upper Palaeolithic Dabban blade industries, has a clear stratigraphic relationship with the (CI) Y-5 tephra. Regarding this more complete “long stratigraphy” for … Continue reading

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What’s the Nubian Levallois-core technology got to do with “out of Africa ” dispersal and Boker Tachtit?

  These are two Nubian Levallois cores from the Nil valley. On the left: a typical Nubian I-core with the characteristic protruding distal ridge, on the right a typical Nubian II core. The geographic extent for the “Nubian Complex” was initially confined to … Continue reading

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Bifacial Foliates from the MSA of the Nil Valley

This is a Bifacial-Foliate from the Thebes Region (brown chert; max 12 cm long), found early in the 20th century by selective tool hunting. We do not know the wider context of this finding, which was stored together with some … Continue reading

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A “Hollow Scraper” from the Middle Paleolithic / MSA of Ancient Thebes

Ancient Thebes was home to some of the greatest monuments of the ancient world—built to honor the living, the dead, and the divine. The city, known as Waset to ancient Egyptians and as Luxor today, was the capital of Egypt … Continue reading

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Nubian MSA Foliates

This are two bifacial foliates from the Nubian desert (brown chert; max 12 cm long), found in the 1930ies, which show strong similarities to the Lupemban and early Nubian MSA of East Africa. The Sangoan and Lupemban of Central Africa and the Eastern Lowlands … Continue reading

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The Early Upper Paleolithic in the Nil Valley

Two bipolar Upper Paleolithic blade cores (up to 13 cm long) from the Nil valley. The upper and middle Nil valley, the western desert and the oases were once populated by humans during OIS 5. During OIS4 there are no … Continue reading

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Handaxes of Upper Egypt and Nubia

Some of the first descriptions  in the late nineteenth century of the Paleolithic in Egypt dealt with typical handaxes found in the Nile Valley. These tools have been detected within a lower Paleolithic or an early MSA (Sangoan, Nubian type MSA) … Continue reading

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Early 20th century research on the Paleolithic of Egypt

  Such Levallois cores were found during the first half of the 20th century near Thebes and Abydos. Scientific interest in these artefacts began very early during the 1860ies (http://www.aggsbach.de/2012/12/thebes/.). Among the early researchers of the Paleolithic in Egypt, C.G. … Continue reading

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