Tag Archives: Natufian

90-year Anniversary: Excavations at el-Wad Cave

This is a picture take inside from the el-Wad cave , located in the Wadi el-Mughara (the Valley of the Caves) in Mount Carmel, about 20km South of Haifa in Oktober 2016 during my last visit of this place. El -Wad … Continue reading

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Social memory in action: The use of mnemonic techniques during the Levantine Epipaleolithic

These are microliths from the Early Epipaleolithic of the Mt. Carmel Region /Israel. An original defining feature of the Epipaleolithic is the production of stone tools from small blade blanks less than 5 mm in length, which served as easily … Continue reading

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Jericho and the changing ideology of a Neolithic Society

This is a small axe from Jericho (PPNA or PPNB; 7×1,8×1,8 cm). Jericho (Tell es-Sultan) is the name of a tell situated on an ancient lake bed plain  in the Jordan valley in what is now is known as the … Continue reading

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Beads from Kebara (Mt Carmel; Israel)

These beads were found in the upper  Layers (Kebaran, Natufian) at Kebara cave (Mt Carmel; Israel) and are called “barrel shaped” beads. (1,2-1,3 cm and 0,5-0,55 cm diameter). Two of them are made from bone and one looks more like … Continue reading

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Social stratification during the Upper Paleolithic?

This is a bracelet from the early Middle Bronze Age of Pannonia. The  central European Bronze Age archaeological record is characterized by ample evidence for a socially stratified society. “Political egalitarianism is a social organization in which decisions are reached … Continue reading

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The Harifian Epipaleolithic

Two Harifian Points from the Negev with the depiction of this point-type from a publication written by A.E. Marks. The Harifian Epipaleolithic complex was first investigated by an expedition under the direction of A.E. Marks from 1969-1974. Mount Harif is … Continue reading

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Enigmatic object from the Natufian at Kebara

The Natufian can be recognized through its combined archeological attributes, including dwellings, graves, lithic and bone industries, ground stone tools, ornamentation, and art objects (most famous: The Ain Sakhri lovers and the handle of a sickle-blade haft carved as a … Continue reading

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Simple Endscrapers from the Natufian at Nahal Oren

The site of Nahal Oren is located in an ecotone at the foot of the western escarpment of Mt. Carmel, Israel within the Mediterranean climatic zone. The different ecological micro-habitats include the hills (up to 200 m) to the east, … Continue reading

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PPNA at Nahal Oren

The site of Nahal Oren is located in an ecotone at the foot of the western escarpment of Mt. Carmel, Israel within the Mediterranean climatic zone. Nahal Oren is situated on the north side of the Wadi Fallah and consists … Continue reading

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Insights into the Natufian

Helwan Lunates and personal adornment of the Natufian Period (Kebara Cave Vicinity) During the spring of 1928 D.A.E. Garrod began the excavation of Shukba cave some 27 km northwest of Jerusalem. The cave opened on the Wadi en-Natuf at 322 … Continue reading

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