Tag Archives: MSA

Silkrete MSA Artifact from Tankwa Karoo (South Africa)

This is a MSA truncated blade with lateral retouches 4 cm long and made of heated Silcrete, an isolated surface finding, found at Tankwa Karoo (South Africa). It has the characteristic lustrous red patina, which can only produced by heat treatment-a innovative … Continue reading

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“Nubian Point” from the Lower Nil Valley

This is a Nubian (Levallois) Point, very different from the European or Levantine Levallois Points (10x6x0,5 cm). Such broad pointed Flakes are the end product of an operational chain, usually starting with the production of Nubian 2-mode cores. Nubian points are part of … Continue reading

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Paleolithic Foliates in Africa

  Fig. 1 shows two bifacially retouched MSA foliates from the central Sahara made from Quartzite, the larger one is 12,5 cm long. Foliates are part of  four important African technocomplexes: the early Nubian complex, the Aterian, the Lupemban and the Stillbay … Continue reading

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Bone Tools- The take-off of a new technology during the MSA and Middle Paleolithic

This are preforms of bone tools, made from Reindeer metacarpal compact bone, found at a famous Gravettian site in the Vézère Valley. The operational sequence begins with flaking technique, aimed to produce a straight or sightly curved fragment of compact … Continue reading

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How to kill a beast?- The thinning of Stone tools

This is a convergent scraper or a long “Mousterian Point” (12 cm long), an old surface found  from central France*, made on now heavily patinated blue flint, by an operational sequence that was clearly not Levallois. It shows basal thinning, removing … Continue reading

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The earliest Upper Paleolithic in the Nil Valley

Last year Douka et al. published that McBurney’s Layer XXV Haua Fteah cave (Cyrenaica, northeast Libya), associated with Upper Palaeolithic Dabban blade industries, has a clear stratigraphic relationship with the (CI) Y-5 tephra. Regarding this more complete “long stratigraphy” for … Continue reading

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Hand-held or Hafted?

  This is a bifacial cortical „scraper” from the MSA of Upper Egypt, made from a flat chert pebble most probably made for a hand-held use. Bifacial Tools act as blanks for different kinds of working. The tool thus acts as a … Continue reading

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Trachy-Andesiteis at Melka Kunture (Garba III)

  This is a 10 cmlong unifacial convergent scraper from Gombore II made from Trachy-andesite, a volcanic rock, that was used in smaller quantities at different sites and chronological stages at Melka Kunture (for example at Gombore I, Garba, Melka-Garba). … Continue reading

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Adhesives for composite Tools during the Acheulian?

Two late Acheulian Handaxes (ca 7 cm long) made from Quartzite from the  Tassili n’Ajjer (Arabic: طاسيلي ناجر‎) is a mountain range in the Algerian section of the Sahara Desert. It is a vast plateau in south-east Algeria at the borders of Libya and Niger, … Continue reading

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Burin-blow like tip fractures

This is a Burin-blow like tip fracture on a retouched Levallois-point from the Levant. Macro-traces on possible Paleolithic projectile points, that are usually interpreted as indicating penetrative weapon use (“diagnostic impact fractures” [DIF] sensu Lombard) are diagnosed if the damage could … Continue reading

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