Tag Archives: MSA

MSA Omo Kibish Foliates: The art of Thinning

Figure 1,2,3: These are MSA Implements, found during a geological survey in the 1940ies in the Omo Valley / S-Ethiopia. The artifacts are made from an opaque Chert and display a  very characteristic Orange Brown Earthen Patina, known from other surface and excavated … Continue reading

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Everything is broken – Who made the African MSA ?

The artifacts shown in this post come from the North African MSA and are undated. They may be 300 – 30 k.a. old. There are only a few stratified early MSA sites in the Maghreb, that give some insights about … Continue reading

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Levallois- Mousterian near Geulah Cave (Mt. Carmel; Israel)

These are three Tabun-B surface findings from the Mt. Carmel, found during the 1950ies near Geula(h) cave. Geula Cave is situated on the eastern slope of Mount Carmel , 205 m above sealevel. It is 2.5 km  south oft he … Continue reading

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Silkrete MSA Artifact from Tankwa Karoo (South Africa)

This is a MSA truncated blade with lateral retouches 4 cm long and made of heated Silcrete, an isolated surface finding, found at Tankwa Karoo (South Africa). It has the characteristic lustrous red patina, which can only produced by heat treatment-a innovative … Continue reading

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“Nubian Point” from the Lower Nil Valley

This is a Nubian (Levallois) Point, very different from the European or Levantine Levallois Points (10x6x0,5 cm). Such broad pointed Flakes are the end product of an operational chain, usually starting with the production of Nubian 2-mode cores. Nubian points are part of … Continue reading

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Paleolithic Foliates in Africa

  Fig. 1 shows two bifacially retouched MSA foliates from the central Sahara made from Quartzite, the larger one is 12,5 cm long. Foliates are part of  four important African technocomplexes: the early Nubian complex, the Aterian, the Lupemban and the Stillbay … Continue reading

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Bone Tools- The take-off of a new technology during the MSA and Middle Paleolithic

This are preforms of bone tools, made from Reindeer metacarpal compact bone, found at a famous Gravettian site in the Vézère Valley. The operational sequence begins with flaking technique, aimed to produce a straight or sightly curved fragment of compact … Continue reading

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How to kill a beast?- The thinning of Stone tools

This is a convergent scraper or a long “Mousterian Point” (12 cm long), an old surface found  from central France*, made on now heavily patinated blue flint, by an operational sequence that was clearly not Levallois. It shows basal thinning, removing … Continue reading

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The earliest Upper Paleolithic in the Nil Valley

Last year Douka et al. published that McBurney’s Layer XXV Haua Fteah cave (Cyrenaica, northeast Libya), associated with Upper Palaeolithic Dabban blade industries, has a clear stratigraphic relationship with the (CI) Y-5 tephra. Regarding this more complete “long stratigraphy” for … Continue reading

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Hand-held or Hafted?

  This is a bifacial cortical „scraper” from the MSA of Upper Egypt, made from a flat chert pebble most probably made for a hand-held use. Bifacial Tools act as blanks for different kinds of working. The tool thus acts as a … Continue reading

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