Tag Archives: Mousterian

(Pre)-Neanderthal Technology: What remained and what was lost in the Record

Fig. 1 shows convergent elongated “points” or scrapers from Le Moustier and Fig. 2 large scrapers from different French sites coming from a 19th century collection. Some years ago these artifacts would have been an anchor-point in the suggestion that … Continue reading

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Crimean Middle Paleolithic Crescent Point

  This is a crescent 5,5 cm long Middle Paleolithic Point (Fig 1: ventral, Fig 2: dorsal) with a left sided continuous  retouche on the ventral side and bilateral flat retouches on the dorsal side, creating a delicate pointed end. … Continue reading

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Control of Fire by Archaic Humans

The common sense suggest, that fire must have invented very early in human evolution because fire use and control offers a lot of advantages: It acts as a source of warmth, making it easier to get through cold temperatures and allowed … Continue reading

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Mousterian from the Château de la Roche-Courbon site

This is a classic, very flat, paper thin, non-Levallois  Mousterian Point from the Château de la Roche-Courbon site (Charente-Maritime; 7×4,5x cm). It has an uncommon square outline, very rare during the Middle Paleolithic of the old world. Not far from Saintes, at … Continue reading

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the Early Mousterian from Ehringsdorf

  This is a small (2 cm long) bifacial artifact from the Ehringsdorf quarries, a so called “Keilchen” (a miniature handaxe), characteristic for the archaeological findings from the Lower Travertine at this site. It is not a broken tool, but … Continue reading

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500 k.a. of human settlement of the Atlantic façade of Iberia

  This is one of the many non dated handaxes made from quartzite, found in the Tagus valley in Portugal.  Although the Lower Paleolithic occupation of the Iberia peninsula is now well documented in several contexts, particularly by the archeological findings of the Sierra … Continue reading

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A Quina Scraper with thinned back from Soyons

This is a nice, 9 cm long Quina-scraper with thinned back from Soyons (Ardèche, France; exact find spot unknown). This artifact is characteristic for the Rhodanian / Quina oriental, dating to MIS4. This facies is found in the Rhone valley, … Continue reading

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Quina Mousterian in Central France and the Collections of François Reignoux

This are four Quina scrapers (two transversal,one bifacial and one convergent) from the Grand Pressigny area found around 1900, very similar to the Quina- Mousterian found by François Reignoux during the late 19th century / early 20th century (Collection Reignoux ). … Continue reading

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Quartzite Handaxe from La Gravette, Grenade, Haute-Garonne

This unifacial Quartzite Handaxe comes from the Haute-Garonne, North of Toulouse. It was Jean-Baptiste Noulet (1802 – 1890), a French scientist and naturalist, who first described the Paleolithic implements of the Garonne and its tributaries. In 1851, at Clermont-le-Fort, he … Continue reading

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The Ordinary and the Special: Triangular Handaxes / Bifaces

  Figure 1 shows a rare 12 cm long (sub) triangular handaxe from the Dordogne in S/W-France. There are almost no signs of use or resharpening on this artifact. Such bifaces do not belong to the  sphere of the common … Continue reading

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