Tag Archives: Middle Stone Age

Bone Tools- The take-off of a new technology during the MSA and Middle Paleolithic

This are preforms of bone tools, made from Reindeer metacarpal compact bone, found at a famous Gravettian site in the Vézère Valley. The operational sequence begins with flaking technique, aimed to produce a straight or sightly curved fragment of compact … Continue reading

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How to kill a beast?- The thinning of Stone tools

This is a convergent scraper or a long “Mousterian Point” (12 cm long), an old surface found  from central France*, made on now heavily patinated blue flint, by an operational sequence that was clearly not Levallois. It shows basal thinning, removing … Continue reading

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MSA point from Lake Tumba: More questions than answers..

  Figure 1 shows a MSA point made on a Levallois flake from Lake Tumba, Central Africa (Fiedler and Preuss: African Archaeological Review 3: 179–187). Such unifacial points were found together with material reminiscent of the Lupemban (Tumba-West) and the Tshitolian (Tumba … Continue reading

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Bifacial Foliates from the MSA of the Nil Valley

This is a Bifacial-Foliate from the Thebes Region (brown chert; max 12 cm long), found early in the 20th century by selective tool hunting. We do not know the wider context of this finding, which was stored together with some … Continue reading

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Let Us Now Praise Unknown Men and Women…….

Figure 1 shows a Middle Paleolithic / MSA point from Melka Kunture / Etiopia, which is at least 120 k.a. old. In the archaeological record of both Eastern and Southern Africa as well as in the Middle East there is immense … Continue reading

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Early 20th century research on the Paleolithic of Egypt

  Such Levallois cores were found during the first half of the 20th century near Thebes and Abydos. Scientific interest in these artefacts began very early during the 1860ies (http://www.aggsbach.de/2012/12/thebes/.). Among the early researchers of the Paleolithic in Egypt, C.G. … Continue reading

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The Aterian: Do not forget the tangs!

These are Aterian artifacts from a surface scatter at Jbeïlat mountain in Mauritania (a tanged point, a thick non-Levallois blade and a foliated artifact). Historically, the “Mousterian” of North Africa was classified as a Middle Paleolithic including side scrapers, notches … Continue reading

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Patterns in Prehistory

The analytical tools we use to evaluate the visible world determine the structure of our “reality”. If we image the human body with a CT-scanner (an anatomic 3-D view of the body) the results will differ from the results if … Continue reading

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Obsidian during the Stone Age of East Africa and the Levant

This is a pyramidal Obsidian core from a late neolithic site in Turkey. Obsidian, a volcanic glass, is formed when volcanic lava is coming in contact with water. Iron and magnesium usually give the obsidian a dark green to black … Continue reading

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MSA from Shambyu / Rundu

As early as 1980 Clark suggested that MSA-points are related with the beginning of regional African identity. In the Kavango Region paleolithic findings are present from ‘Developed Oldowan’ Industry until the Messum-Menongue LSA complex. The MSA complex from Shambyu / … Continue reading

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