Tag Archives: Middle Paleolithic

The Middle European Micoquian of the Franconian Jura

In the Late Jurassic, Southern Germany was part of the north-western Tethyan shelf. In outcrop, the marine epicontinental sediments are forming the Swabian and the Franconian Alb (upland) and their forelands. The Upper Jurassic of Southern Germany is a classical … Continue reading

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Levallois- Mousterian near Geulah Cave (Mt. Carmel; Israel)

These are three Tabun-B surface findings from the Mt. Carmel, found during the 1950ies near Geula(h) cave. Geula Cave is situated on the eastern slope of Mount Carmel , 205 m above sealevel. It is 2.5 km  south oft he … Continue reading

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The Middle Paleolithic of the North German Plain

  Nearly the entire North German Plain lies less 100m above sea level. The lowland is drained by the north-flowing Rhine, Ems, Weser, Elbe, and Oder rivers; nowadays a network of shipping canals and inland waterways connect the rivers from … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Object from the Central Sahara

  This is an isolated Y-shaped flint object (51 x 46 mm) from the central Sahara, part of a Belgian Collection assembled during the 1930 ies. H. Breuil described these instruments as a special form of a double, or more often triple … Continue reading

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How to kill a beast?- The thinning of Stone tools

This is a convergent scraper or a long “Mousterian Point” (12 cm long), an old surface found  from central France*, made on now heavily patinated blue flint, by an operational sequence that was clearly not Levallois. It shows basal thinning, removing … Continue reading

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Handaxe from Oudry and the Rhône/Saône axis during the Paleolithic

The first picture shows a handaxe found at Oudry (Saône-et-Loire) during the 19th century ,most probably from the MTA. People living in the 21th century have enormous difficulties to imagine river landscapes not modified by men. In general, glacial rivers were perhaps … Continue reading

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Blades before MIS3 in Europe

Since the earliest classifications and sub-divisions of the Palaeolithic (Lubbock 1865; de Mortillet 1867; Breuil 1912), prismatic (volumetric laminar) blade technology has been seen as a recent and sophisticated technological strategy. Originally seen as a hallmark of “modern behavior” , … Continue reading

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Microlithic Mousterian / Microlithic Middle Paleolithic

These are tiny and flat Levallois points (Fig 1; max 3 cm long, 11-15 mm thickness) from Israel. They show a “Chapeau de Gendarme” base and are essentially non retouched. One example displayed the “Concorde” characteristics, common in “Tabun B” ensembles. … Continue reading

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Deconstruction of the MTA-B

This is a backed Mousterian “knife” from the North European plain, certainly not connected with a hypothetical MTA-B. This finding was associated with non-Levalloisian Middle Paleolithic tools as shown in Figure 2. Two variants have been distinguished within the MTA. … Continue reading

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The Prądnik (KMG) complex in Central Germany revisited

  Fig. 1 shows some implements of the Middle European Micoquian ( two bifacial scrapers and one flatt small biface / Faustkeilblatt), found during the 1950ies at Kleinheppach in S/W-Germany. Fig. 2 shows some Leaf-shaped artifacts from the same site. … Continue reading

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