Tag Archives: Mesolithic

Microlithic tools during the late Mesolithic of Europe

This is an extreme form of a trapezoid microlith from Denmark belonging to the late Kongemose or Ertebölle time horizon, which belongs to the late Mesolithic of this region. The onset of the Late Mesolithic at 7,5-6,5 cal. BC in … Continue reading

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A “Flèche de Montclus”

This is a trapezoid with unilateral facial retouch (1,6 cm long), a surface find from the Languedoc, known as “Flèche de Montclus”, named after the Montclus rockshelter, 20 km NW of Bagnols-sur-Ceze, Gard. Excavated mainly during the 1950ies, this abri … Continue reading

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Tybrind Vig: More than Stone Tools

These are two common late Mesolithic flake axes and two really extraordinary large (up to 14 cm long) drills from Tybrind Vig. These artifacts are very typical for the late Ertebølle period in Denmark and Germany. At many Mesolithic sites, … Continue reading

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Shaheinab Gouge

This is a typical “Shaheinab Gouge” (7 cm long), found somewhere the Sahara during the 1980ies. The site of Shaheinab was excavated 1949-1950 by A.J. Arkell for the Sudan Antiquities Service. Shaheinab is located between Jebel Aulia and the Sixth Cataract. … Continue reading

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Tanged points of Northeren Europe at the end of the Pleictozene: The Brommean

The oldest taxonomic unit of the tanged point complex during the last Glacial in N/E Europe is the Brommean, which is known from a narrow zone following the young moraine area around the Baltic Ice Lake, from Denmark, northern Germany, northern … Continue reading

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Azilian / Federmesser from the Reinhausen Forest (Lower Saxonia)

After I moved from Vienna to Germany in 1974, I often visited Rock shelters in the Reinhausen Forest south of the City of Göttingen (Lower Saxony, Central Germany) together with my girlfriend. Being inspired by the numerous Abris in the Vezere valley, we began … Continue reading

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Hunting Prey and collecting Hazelnuts in the European Mesolithic

Waterlogged peat prevents organic finds from oxidizing and has led to some of the best preservation conditions for organic material possible. Many “bog findings” were made during and between the wars in Denmark. The Danes just needed turf for fuel … Continue reading

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Mesolithic Tranchet Axe (Oldesloe-Type) from Schleswig

  A tranchet axe is a lithic tool made by removing a flake, known, when using this method, as a tranchet flake, parallel to the final intended cutting edge of the tool which creates a single straight edge as wide … Continue reading

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Clearing dark Woods during the Neolithic of Central and North Europa

These are some heavy flint-axes from late Neolithic scandinavia, wich were used for wood-cleaning. Europe has some of the highest cropland area in the world. Forest clearing in Europe has been documented as far back as the Neolithic culture some … Continue reading

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Interpersonal Violence in Paleolithic and Mesolithic Societies

These are razor sharp microlithic arrowheads from the middle to late Ertebølle period. Such artifacts could not only be successfully used for hunting animals, but also for killing humans. Biological anthropologists argue for a continuity of an aggressive instinct from … Continue reading

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