Tag Archives: Levallois

Blades before MIS3 in Europe

Since the earliest classifications and sub-divisions of the Palaeolithic (Lubbock 1865; de Mortillet 1867; Breuil 1912), prismatic (volumetric laminar) blade technology has been seen as a recent and sophisticated technological strategy. Originally seen as a hallmark of “modern behavior” , … Continue reading

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A “Point de Verrières” found near Briennon

This is a Middle Paleolithic  “Point de Verrières” found  in the Roannaise near the river Loire, a single stray find 370 km south of the eponymous Verrières-le-Buisson Paleolithic site. Fig.2 shows “common” Middle Paleolithic points from N and S/W-France to clarify the difference … Continue reading

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Ferrassie-Ensembles in Europe

These are some typical artifacts from an early 20th century collection from one Mousterian site in the Perigord, which fit the definition of the Ferrassie-Mousterian. Technologically this facies is characterized by a recurrent uni- and bipolar Levallois debitage and typologically … Continue reading

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Early 20th century research on the Paleolithic of Egypt

  Such Levallois cores were found during the first half of the 20th century near Thebes and Abydos. Scientific interest in these artefacts began very early during the 1860ies (http://www.aggsbach.de/2012/12/thebes/.). Among the early researchers of the Paleolithic in Egypt, C.G. … Continue reading

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The Nubian Complex

This is a Nubian Middle Paleolithic (MSA) core most probably from Upper Egypt In Nubia, Acheulian artifacts have been found concentrated on inselbergs which provided good raw material for the manufacture of tools in the form of ferruginous limestone (Arkin … Continue reading

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Middle Paleolithic of the Oise Valley

  This is a Mousterian convergent scraper, made on a non-Levallois flake (9 cm long), found in the OiseValley in the Picardy in N-France. The Picardy is a rather flat territory and the highest peak – Mont Watigny – lies … Continue reading

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Misleading Typology

This is a paleolithic stray find from Chambonniere (Auvergne). If cordiform, triangular or small bifaces are found without a datable context, they are assumed being part of a “MTA”-ensemble, dated to OIS 3. Such assumptions represent a sort of circular reasoning and … Continue reading

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Handaxe from the Leine Valley (Hannover Döhren)

This is a  handaxe (10×7,5×2,3 cm) from the gravels at Hannover / Döhren found in the 1930ies. Findings from unknown age were once used to construct a late Acheulian in N-Germany. In reality these ensemble are mixed and certainly contain … Continue reading

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A Handaxe from Kathu Pan and the chronology of the ESA /MSA in South Africa

Handaxe made of banded ironstone, Kathu Pan, McGregor Museum, Kimberley Photo © Michael Cope This Handaxe was found embedded in an exposed stratigraphic sequence in a sinkhole at Kathu Pan in the Northern Cape, South Africa, and dated by association … Continue reading

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A Quina scraper from the Somme

This is a flat cortical flake with “Quina” retouche coming from the Somme valley. Such tools in the North European Plain are rare. The artifact would much better fit into the Middle Paleolithic of the Aquitaine. We should ask for … Continue reading

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