Tag Archives: Gravettian

It ain’t nothin’ like it used to be: Endscrapers during the European Upper Paleolithic

Fig. 1 shows a Magdalenian scraper from N-France. The relationship between form and function is a ambiguous issue that needs to be demonstrated rather than assumed. A Middle Paleolithic “point” may have been a projectile point but more often was used as … Continue reading

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The Pavlovian in Moravia and Lower Austria: “Microsaws”

The “Pavlovian” is a filiation of the central European early Gravettian (28-25 k.a. BP), defined by an unique character of settlement patterns, stone and bone artifacts, the use of fired clay for the production of figurines, artistic expression and funerary practices. Microlithic … Continue reading

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Balzi Rossi (Rochers Rouges) caves and the Ligurian Epigravettian with shouldered Points

  This are some Epigravettian artifacts from the Balzi Rossi caves:  A foliated point with partial flat retouches, Microgravettes and a 2,8 cm long shouldered point on the left, an ensemble that is very characteristic for the early Epigravettian of Liguria … Continue reading

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Hammerstones and Percuteurs

This artifact (Diameter 66 x 56 mm, Height 60 mm, Mass 368 g)  was found during quarry operations during the 1940ies at Tournedos sur Seine (Eure; Haut Normandy) , at  “La Couture” , near the port. It is a small Hammerstone made from … Continue reading

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“Point de Tursac” / “Lame de Tursac”

These are broken Tursac Points from Vigne brun (1) and Pataud (2) . The apical part of both examples  has been lost, but the remaining fragments have the characteristic traits for a proper designation of the tools. If unbroken, the lenght of the points … Continue reading

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The early Gravettian in Central France: La Vigne Brun

This is a 3, 5 cm (Micro) Gravette point from the Vigne Brun site, found at the site in large quantities (although mostly broken), and called: “Microgravette of Vigne-Brun type” ( http://www.aggsbach.de/2014/04/microgravettes-the-most-successful-projectile-points-of-the-paleolithic-old-world/). The old C-14 dates from La Vigne Brun fall … Continue reading

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The Gravettian at the Solutré Site

This is a highly patinated fragment of a “Spitzklinge“ (pointed blade) from the Gravettian at the famous Solutré  site- almost identical to examples from the Willendorf site in the Wachau region. Pointed blades have been identified as a major component of … Continue reading

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Non Utilitarian Objects collected by Early Humans: The Archaeology of Curiosity

This is a fossilized shark tooth from the Gravettian strata of the Abri Pataud at Les Eyzies in the French Dordogne. Sharks have been living on earth for about 400 million years. When a shark dies and its cartilage dissolves, the teeth … Continue reading

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Gravettian Jet Pendant at Abri Pataud (Les Eyzies; Dordogne)

 Jet, known also as “gagate”, is a carbon fossil, compact and very light. It is a lustrous black stone which has a hardness of 2.5-4 (quite soft) and a specific gravity of 1.30-1.35. Another name of jet is “black amber”. … Continue reading

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Abri Pataud / Les Eyzies Stratum 4: Three Rare Artifacts

Compared to the Pavlovien of Middle Europe, denticulated blades are rare during the Gravettian of S/W-France. At Pataud Stratum 4 and 5 they have been described in small numbers (max. 1,5% of all artifacts). In addition their appearance is not as standardized compared to … Continue reading

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