Tag Archives: ESA

Everything is broken – Who made the African MSA ?

The artifacts shown in this post come from the North African MSA and are undated. They may be 300 – 30 k.a. old. There are only a few stratified early MSA sites in the Maghreb, that give some insights about … Continue reading

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Silkrete MSA Artifact from Tankwa Karoo (South Africa)

This is a MSA truncated blade with lateral retouches 4 cm long and made of heated Silcrete, an isolated surface finding, found at Tankwa Karoo (South Africa). It has the characteristic lustrous red patina, which can only produced by heat treatment-a innovative … Continue reading

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Olorgesailie : Paleo-Landscapes in your mind

  This is a 25 cm long lanceolate handaxe from Olorgesailie, a geological formation in East Africa containing a group of ESA (990-500 k.a.)  and MSA archaeological sites. It is on the floor of the Eastern Rift Valley in southern … Continue reading

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The Maghreb: a cul-de-sac for hominides during the ESA?

  This is a large (23 cm long) Acheulian Handaxe from the Gorgol  (Arabic: ولاية كركول‎) area / southern Mauretania.  This region borders the Mauritanian regions of Brakna and Assaba to the north, the Mauritanian region of Guidimaka to the south-east … Continue reading

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Quartzite in Prehistory

These are two Quartzite leaf points from Maroc (timeframe: MSA or Neolithic). Quartzite is a metamorphic rock composed primarily of quartz and may include significant amounts of other minerals. The parent rock for quartzite is quartz-rich sandstone. As sandstone becomes … Continue reading

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Early controlled Fire use in Africa and the Levant

Fire is important for warmth, protection, cooking, light, pest control, tool-making, social interaction and perhaps hunting. There are some early Stone Age sites in Africa, that can may seen as candidates for the documentation of early controlled fire use of … Continue reading

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A Handaxe from Kathu Pan and the chronology of the ESA /MSA in South Africa

Handaxe made of banded ironstone, Kathu Pan, McGregor Museum, Kimberley Photo © Michael Cope This Handaxe was found embedded in an exposed stratigraphic sequence in a sinkhole at Kathu Pan in the Northern Cape, South Africa, and dated by association … Continue reading

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