Tag Archives: Epipaleolithic

Curved and Backed : Azilian / Federmesser of the North European Plain

  This is a 3,5 cm long pen-knife (Federmesser) from the Leudal area in South Limburg / NL, an area already introduced during an earlier post (see below). The Federmesser complex is part of the Pan-West and Central European Azilian. … Continue reading

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On Naming Things: The Ounanian-Harifian Points

  The appearance and development of side-notched and tanged projectile points in northeastern Africa and their possible connection to Levantine projectile points has been intensively discussed during the last years. In this context, Harifian and Ounanian points have been always … Continue reading

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The Variability of Epipaleolithic Tanged Points in the Sahara

Tanged points from the late Pleistocene and early Holocene are common in the Sahara. There is no unified techno-typological approach for these artifacts available.  The spectrum of such implements includes the classic Ounanian point (upper row of Fig.1: the second point- … Continue reading

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Obsidian tools of Pastoral Neolithic groups from the Lake Naivasha basin (Kenya)

  Saharan herders and hunters spread southward to the Sahel, reaching eastern Africa by 4.5 k.a. cal BP. The earliest pastoralists entered southern Kenya through the Great Rift Valley by 3,2 k.a. cal BP, having migrated southward from the Lake Turkana region where they had … Continue reading

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Ahrensburgian Point from Pomeranea

This is a late Paleolithic tanged point (5x2x0,3 cm)  from Pomerania / Poland made of Baltic flit stone. Taute (1968) established a typological definition of late glacial tanged points (Stielspitzen) on the basis of size and tang detail, designed in … Continue reading

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Falling out of Time: “Anachronistic Tools”

This is a flat and still sharp Handaxe (10 cm long), made of local flint and found in intact early Gravettian deposits at the Abri Pataud during the early 20th century together with “Perigordian IV / V “ Upper Paleolithic … Continue reading

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Hunting Prey and collecting Hazelnuts in the European Mesolithic

Waterlogged peat prevents organic finds from oxidizing and has led to some of the best preservation conditions for organic material possible. Many “bog findings” were made during and between the wars in Denmark. The Danes just needed turf for fuel … Continue reading

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Transitions during the Paleolithic of North Africa

These are three Epipaleolithic artifacts from western Morocco. While we know numerous sites from the Iberomaurusian and Capsian, industries from the Initial Upper Paleolithic in N-Africa are scare. The period between the Middle Palaeolithic (a Levallois-Mousterian with or without pedunculated … Continue reading

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Epipaleolithic blade from Maroc

A large (14x4x1,5cm) Epipaleolithic blade from Maroc The Epipaleolithic of theMaghreb is spanning the time from the LGM about 20000 ka BP until the Holocene. During this time span both temperate and wet climates, but also hyperarid conditions were present … Continue reading

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Conformism in prehistoric societies

Some microlithis from the North/West Sahara-traces of a long standing conformism in the production of such artifacts. Prehistoric archaeology is often modeled through the paradigm of the collective. Conformistic collectives adapt to their environment and their decisions are made in … Continue reading

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