Category Archives: Plaeolithics and Neolithics

Levallois- Mousterian from Geulah Cave (Mt. Carmel; Israel)

The Geula Cave is situated on the eastern slope of Mount Carmel , 205 m above sealevel. It is 2.5 km  south oft he point where the outlet of Nahal Gibborim- Wadi Rushmiya in Arabic- flows into the Mediterranean. The site … Continue reading

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The Middle Paleolithic of the North German Plain

  Nearly the entire North German Plain lies less 100m above sea level. The lowland is drained by the north-flowing Rhine, Ems, Weser, Elbe, and Oder rivers; nowadays a network of shipping canals and inland waterways connect the rivers from … Continue reading

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Out of Africa II- Buried under Arabian Sands?

This is a 7 cm long MSA-Bifacial foliate-from our African ancestors. Stone tools have been repeatedly used to reconstruct the “out-of-Africa II” event(s) and Arabia which had a marginal mention in human evolutionary discussions in the past, is now suggested to be … Continue reading

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Bronze Age razor : Masculinity, the Horse and the Sun Chariot

This is a Bronze Age razor with a horse- and waterbird-handle from Denmark, maybe from a funerary context-but contextual information is not known from this 19th century finding. The outlines of the artefact are suggestive of a ship corpus with animal … Continue reading

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Bifacial Scraper from Montguillain / Goincourt (Oise)

This is a 9 cm long excellent bifacial scraper from Montguillain (Oise), found during the 19th century. A very similar artifact can be found in F Bordes` Typologie du Paléolithique ancien et moyen. Gabriel De Mortillet’s 1873  described several locations, that … Continue reading

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500 k.a. of human settlement of the Atlantic façade of Iberia

  This is one of the many non dated handaxes made from quartzite, found in the Tagus valley in Portugal.  Although the Lower Paleolithic occupation of the Iberia peninsula is now well documented in several contexts, particularly by the archeological findings of the Sierra … Continue reading

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Backed Handaxes during the Acheulian

This is a asymmetric backed biface found in the Gargano region, belonging to MIS 9 or 11. If it had been found in the Swabian Jura, it would have called a “Bocksteinmesser” , but these belong to a time after … Continue reading

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The complex use-life of Middle Paleolithic tools

This is a bifacial scraper from the Quina-Mousterian in the Charente (9 cm long) We do not know if Neanderthals ever recognized a dichotomy between unifacial and bifacial stone tools. Archaeologists since Lartet and Christy  proposed that this dichtomy would be important … Continue reading

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Early Dynastic / Predynastic Flint Animal

This artifact comes from an Italian collection, assembled during the 1930. It was stored together with some artifacts from the late Nagada-period from Gebelein. Gebelein (Arabic: الجبلين, Two Mountains; Egyptian: Inerty or Per-Hathor; Greek: Pathyris or Aphroditopolis) was a town in Egypt. It is … Continue reading

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Silkrete MSA Artifact from Tankwa Karoo (South Africa)

This is a MSA truncated blade with lateral retouches 4 cm long and made of heated Silcrete, an isolated surface finding, found at Tankwa Karoo (South Africa). It has the characteristic lustrous red patina, which can only produced by heat treatment-a innovative … Continue reading

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