Category Archives: Plaeolithics and Neolithics

Comments on the Iberian Solutrean

This post shows five Solutrean Points from an Iberian collection acquired in 1979. The artifacts are made from the same, brownish flint and were found together. The largest point is 9 cm long. Two Points are finished bifacial Solutrean leaf-points  while … Continue reading

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Control of Fire by Archaic Humans

The common sense suggest, that fire must have invented very early in human evolution because fire use and control offers a lot of advantages: It acts as a source of warmth, making it easier to get through cold temperatures and allowed … Continue reading

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Eyed Bone Needle from the Rochereil cave,

Bone needles represent an important Paleolithic innovation that made a sewing technology and tailor-made hide and leather clothing possible,  designed to cope with harsh environments. It is not by chance that many of these needles date to the LGM The … Continue reading

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“Oldowan” from the lower Omo valley

This is a chopping tool / core from the lower Omo Valley in Ethiopia made from a quartz pebble  (maximal diameter: 7 cm). All  studies from this location, published so far, point out that the early lithic artifacts, found in … Continue reading

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A Rare Paleolithic Artifact: a “star-shaped” percoir

  This is a “star-shaped” micro percoir, coming from a 19th century  collection from the La Madeleine site in the Vezere Valley. Peyrony described some Badegoulian tools from the basal layers, but the stone tool could also come from later Magdalenian … Continue reading

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MSA Omo Kibish Foliates: The art of Thinning

Figure 1,2,3: These are MSA Implements, found during a geological survey in the 1940ies in the Omo Valley / S-Ethiopia. The artifacts are made from an opaque Chert and display a  very characteristic Orange Brown Earthen Patina, known from other surface and excavated … Continue reading

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Middle Magdalenian with Lussac-Angles points

                                    After 150 years of research, the Middle Magdalenian in S/W-France and Cantabria (formerly Magdalenian III of the classification of H. Breuil) can be … Continue reading

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Curved and Backed : Azilian / Federmesser of the North European Plain

  This is a 3,5 cm long pen-knife (Federmesser) from the Leudal area in South Limburg / NL, an area already introduced during an earlier post (see below). The Federmesser complex is part of the Pan-West and Central European Azilian. … Continue reading

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Hafting during the late European Middle Paleolithic

This is an unusual mono-facial scraper (7×5 cm) from Saint-Brice-sous-Rânes (Orne department; France. Figure 1 and 2: ventral side; Figure 3: dorsal side).What makes this scraper special is the carefully executed spine on the right side and traces of hafting ) Macrotraceology … Continue reading

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Shouldered Pieces: Signature of interactions around the great Adriatic plain during the LGM

  This is a shouldered piece from the early Epigravettian in Arezzo. It is not necessary a shouldered point, but during the Epigravettian of Italia, shouldering was applied to several classes of artifacts. The LGM led to the shrinking of … Continue reading

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