Solutrean Willow leaf points / Feuille de Saule from Fourneau du Diable

This is a Willow Leaf point from the final Solutrean, found during the late 19th century at Fourneau du Diable. Willow leaf points / Feuille de Saule are slim blade parallel sided implements made by sophisticated pressure flaking with rounded ends, often  retouched on one side only. The example here shows a rare subtype with retouches on both sides. In contrast to the contemporaneous  upper Solutrean shouldered points /pointes à cran, they were certainly not used as projectiles. Rare microtraceological evidence may indicate their use as knifes.

Fourneau du Diable is a Rock Shelter open to the south at the junction of the Moneries and Dronne valley (right bank) between Brantome and Bourdeilles. The site consists of two terraces in a line of cliffs, named upper and lower terrace. The site was first recognized as early as 1863 and later excavated by D. Peyrony, who established the gross stratigraphy for the upper and lower terasse and published his results in 1932.
On the lower terrace a Gravettian with (Micro)-Gravettes, Elements tronquees and Noailles Burins was found below a Solutrean with leaf points and some Solutrean shouldered points.
The Solutrean of the upper terrace (3 layers) was more abundant with several hundred samples of extremely fine made shouldered points and rare Feuilles de Saule, concentrated in the upper levels . While in the lower two layers, leaf points (some of them were as long as 22 cm) were also present, they were absent in the upper layer. The fauna was characterised by the predominance of reindeer, followed by horses and aurochs. The patterns of Reindeer and Horse procurement at Fourneau du Diable show that the carcasses  were probably brought as complete to the site. The succession is closed by a Upper Magdalenian, sometimes in direct contact with the third Solutrean layer and with a thickness of only 5 cm.

By the way: The Solutrean was not only original in terms of lithic industries, wide use of bone needles with eyes and the use of ornament: bracelets, bead necklaces, pendants, bone pins, and colored pigments for personal adornment but also left few unmistakable traces in terms of parietal creation. The most remarkable are sculptures in bas-relief, the most prominent are those at Fourneau du Diable and at the late Solutrean at Le Roc de Sers, Charente.

This is the famous Aurochs bas-relief from Fourneau-du-Diable

This file is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication

Gravettian with Noailles Burins

Point a face plane from Laugerie-Haute

Solutean Shouldered Point from Fourneau du Diable

Badegoule- an important Archaeological site for the Solutréen and Badegulien in S/W-France


About Katzman

During my whole life I was fascinated by stone age artefacts. Not only the aesthetic qualities of these findings, but also the stories around them and the considerations arising from their discovery, are a part of my blog. Comments and contributions are allways welcome! About me: J.L. Katzman (Pseudonym). Born in Vienna. Left Austria in 1974 and did not regret. Studied Medicine and Prehistory at a German University. Member of a Medical Department at a German University. Copyright 2010-2017 by JLK. All Rights Reserved. You are welcome to use material in these posts so long as you cite the work.
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