The Middle European Micoquian of the Franconian Jura

In the Late Jurassic, Southern Germany was part of the north-western Tethyan shelf. In outcrop, the marine epicontinental sediments are forming the Swabian and the Franconian Alb (upland) and their forelands. The Upper Jurassic of Southern Germany is a classical area of paleontological and archaeological research since the 19th century.

This is a bifacial scraper made of flint (8 cm long) from an early 20th century collection of KMG- findings from the Franconian Jura. Located between two rivers, the Danube in the south and the Main in the north, its peaks reach elevations of up to 600 meters and it has an area of some 7053.8 km2. Many famous Middle Paleolithic sites  such as the Sesselfelsgrotte, the Klausennische and  the Abri I Schulerloch in the Altmühl Valley, the Hohle Stein at Schambach and the Steinerner Rosenkranz at Mörnsheim near Eichstaedt are situated in this area.

Within this context, the G stratigraphic complex (“G-Komplex”) of Sesselfelsgrotte  yielded one of the longest cultural sequences of late Middle Paleolithic bifacial industries during MIS3. It remains debatable, if pre-MIS3 KMG- inventories were present in S-Germany and if bifacial assemblages were the expression of a distinct socio-cultural behaviour of Middle / East European Neanderthals or not.

Anyhow, looking further west and north in Germany, there is no proof that the KMG-strata of Königsaue, Bockstein, Buhlen and Balve are older than MIS3, while Pouch-“Terassenpfeiler”,Salzgitter-Lebenstedt and Lichtenberg are securely dated to this timeframe.


Bifacial Scraper from Montguillain / Goincourt (Oise)

The Prądnik (KMG) complex in Central Germany revisited


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