Langbohrer from the S/W-German Magdalenian

There is a variety of Paleolithic tools that are usually called borers and which were indeed used as rotary Drills (http://www.aggsbach.de/2010/12/bohrer-drill-from-the-mesolithic-of-demark/). Artifacts with a suggested drilling function are known already from the early Paleolithic (Bilzingsleben, La Micoque). Drills were never very abundant during the Old Stone age and usually comprise less than 10% of all tools at a specific site.  Elaborated drills during the upper Paleolithic are known from the Gravettian and Solutrian (Roc de Sers). Bohrers became even more differentiated as a tool class during the Magdalenian. After 18 k.a. BP we observe   micropercoirs, becs, “Zinken” and “Langbohrer”. The latter artifact is usually made on elegant long blades, which end with a long axially oriented drill bit, generated by (semi)-abrupt retouching and characterized by more or less symmetrical shoulders.
“Langbohrer” are especially abundant in central Germany (Nebra, sites in the Saale region) in S/W Germany and the northern Switzerland (Petersfels, Schweitzersbild) and at some sites in the Paris basin (especially Marsangy). They certainly have an activity specific aspect (working with organic materials) and usually co- occurred with other forms of drills (micropercoirs and becs and “Zinken”), which are an invariable part of most inventories  [http://www.aggsbach.de/2012/06/the-hamburgian-culture-some-aspects/]).

Suggested Reading:

For the German speaking community I strongly recommend a book just published by the Kerns Verlag: “Steinartefarkte”

http://www.kernsverlag.com/steinartefakte.html

 

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About Katzman

During my whole life I was fascinated by stone age artefacts. Not only the aesthetic qualities of these findings, but also the stories around them and the considerations arising from their discovery, are a part of my blog. Comments and contributions are allways welcome! About me: J.L. Katzman (Pseudonym). Born in Vienna. Left Austria in 1974 and did not regret. Studied Medicine and Prehistory at a German University. Member of a Medical Department at a German University. Copyright 2010-2017 by JLK. All Rights Reserved. You are welcome to use material in these posts so long as you cite the work.
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One Response to Langbohrer from the S/W-German Magdalenian

  1. Pingback: Bec from the Aisne Valley | Aggsbach's Paleolithic Blog

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