Gare de Couze Magdalenian Site

This is a simple end scraper and a burin from the Gare de Couze Magdalenian-site (Collection Paul Fitte).

The Couze is one of the left bank tributaries of the Dordogne river, has its source in the region of Belvès flows generally west and then northwest until it joins with the Dordogne at the small village of Port-de-Couze just in opposite of the late Magdalenian site Gare de Couze which is situated on the right bank of the Dordogne. Gare de Couze was known as a Paleolithic site since the late 1880ies.

In the 1950ies the huge site, which encompasses a small cave and two abris was partially excavated by P. Fitte and later analyzed and described by him in collaboration with D. de Sonneville-Bordes in the early 1960ies. A small excavation was carried out by F. Bordes, who detected the a slab with  engravings. Gare de Couze has been dated by C-14 to ca. 12000 k.a. BP (beginning of the younger Dryas).

The industry (Magdalenian VI) is characterized by the usual “trinity” of the Magdalenian (endscraper, burin, backed pieces) and by some Lancan burins, points de Laugerie, burins bec-de-perroquet, geometric microliths (triangles, rectangles..), denticulated blades and Azilian points. Fragments of bone harpoons with two lines of barbs also were present. From a Aquitanian point of view, the Gare de Couze ensemble was once suggested to represent the authochtonic “Aziliation” of the “Magdalenien VI”, but the taphonomy and possible mixing of differnt ensembles at the site have never been elucidated in detail. There are other sites in S/W and S/E France, that were excavated with up to date methods, and may indeed substantiate such an assumption. Like many classical terminal Magdalenian sites, Gare de Couze is a find spot a female figurine of the so-called “Lalinde / Gönnersdorf” type engraved in stone. ( The engravings are now displayed at the   Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies:…/097-104_GFU_Mitteilung17.pdf


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