This is a Leaf Point from Moravany nad Váhom-Dlhá (4,5×2,5×07 cm).
Paleolithic findings at Moravany were first considered in 1931, when two interested collectors, V. Vlk and H. Sonntag, recovered patinated flint artifacts from the ploughed fields along the Vah valley. Lothar Zotz, who worked in Breslau at this time, visited some of the sites together with Vlk since 1935 . Zotz came back in 1940, at this time already professor of prehistory at the German Karls-University in Prague, and excavated several sites until 1943. The main results of his research can be summarized as following: In Moravany there are sites from various Upper Paleolithic technocomplexes. Zotz was the first, who described an earlier phase at Moravany nad Váhom-Dlhá with typical leaf points and the richer findings from a late Gravettian with shouldered points. Zotz also reconstructed the chaine operatoire, which started either from a broad triangular flake, but also from small triangular „bifaces“. Their incorporation into an interstadial soil at Dlhá, first demonstrated by Lais in the 1937, indicated an Interstadial before the Gravettian , which at Moravany nad Váhom is always incorporated in the pure loess.
In 1946 Karel Absolon made excavations at Dlhá, and prepared drawing of artifacts for a later publication. Bárta’s revisory excavations in the 1960ies were more metricoulos than those of his forerunners, as he did not only collect leaf points, but also cores, flakes and blades. The most important class of retouched tools were leaf points with either flat retouch or partial flat retouch, including semi-finished points and fragments of points. As already mentioned by Zotz, they were mostly made of local raw materials, such as (black to reddish) radiolarites, quartz and silicificated sandstone. Imported raw materials, obsidian and limnosilicite, were less frequent. There are several prismatic cores with a single platform and a number of flakes. „Atypical“ End-scrapers, side-scrapers, burins and combined tools were rare and non-diagnostic. The workshop character of the site was documented by the presence of semifinished products and debitage.
The excavations at Dlhá were continued in 2008 in several trenches where a few artifacts appeared in situ. Samples were taken for soil micromorphological analysis. Among samples from the investigations by L. Zotz in 1943, corresponding probably to the soil horizon from trench II/2008, anthracological analysis revealed 67 charcoal fragments which rep resent both gymnosperms and angiosperms. The AMS dating of a fragment of Pices sp./Larix sp. produced a date of 33 600+300 (39 000 cal BP; near the Heinrich 4 event) which places the sample and the artifacts from L. Zotz’s investigations in the younger pat of the Interpleniglacial (MIS 3).This age is consistent with the results of the micromorphological analysis. Here for the first time the geochronological position of the Dlhá industry could be fixed. It now can be dated to the “Hengelo” complex.
A similar industry was known from surface collection and subsequently excavated in 2009 at Trenèianské Teplice-Pliešky. So far, in Europe, diagnostic triangular Moravany-Dlhá points are only known from the Moravany vicinity, from Vlčkovice in Western Slovakia and from isolated stray finds at Miscolc (Hungary) and at Brudersdorf (Austria). The leaf points from Dlhá cannot be easily integrated into the „Szeletian“ concept sensu strictu as a ”transitional” technocomplex . Based on geochronological, C-14 and TL data, L Kaminská1 recently proposed a bi- partition of the Central European Szeletian. An early facies, rooted in the Keilmessergruppen at Vedrovice V, Moravský Krumlov IV, Želešice-Hoynerhügel, older than 40 k.a. and maybe situated between 45 and 60 k.a. BP and a younger facies with Moravany-Dlhá points, dating to the later OIS3.