Dead End Street: The Levallois-Mousterian of the Carmel region

These are some artifacts from the “Mousterian” layers of Kebara. The Middle Paleolithic findings of this site are the only “Tabun-B Ensembles” in Israel, that has been excavated with modern methods. These ensembles therfore can be considered as the reference stratigraphy for the late “Levallois Mousterian” of the Camel region at 60-40 k.a. BP.

The logical passage from Africa to Eurasia by Homo Sapiens is either the “Levantine corridor” along the Mediterian see or the narrow crossing betweenYemen and Djibouti , called the Bab al- Mandeb Strait ( the “Arabian corridor”). Industries resembling the East African MSA or the Nubian Complex of the upper Nile valley  are unknown in the Levant but have recently found in Arabia. It is now more than probable, that our ancestors entered to Eurasia during OIS5 /3 via  the “Arabian corridor” and that the rich findings of the Camel region, that were for a long time in the focus of interest, are only the remains at a “dead end street”.

Suggested Reading:

http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0028239

Dead end street  ( The Kings 1964)

There’s a crack up in the ceiling,
And the kitchen sink is leaking.
Out of work and got no money,
A Sunday joint of bread and honey.
What are we living for?
Two-roomed apartment on the second floor.
No money coming in,
The rent collector’s knocking, trying to get in.
We are strictly second class,
We don’t understand,
(Dead end!)
Why we should be on dead end street.
(Dead end!)
People are living on dead end street.
(Dead end!)
Gonna die on dead end street.
Dead end street (yeah)
Dead end street (yeah)
On a cold and frosty morning,
Wipe my eyes and stop me yawning.
And my feet are nearly frozen,
Boil the tea and put some toast on.
What are we living for?
Two-roomed apartment on the second floor.
No chance to emigrate,
I’m deep in debt and now it’s much too late.
We both want to work so hard,
We can’t get the chance,
(Dead end!)
People live on dead end street.
(Dead end!)
People are dying on dead end street.
(Dead end!)
Gonna die on dead end street.
Dead end street (yeah)
Dead end street (yeah)
(Dead end!)
People live on dead end street.
(Dead end!)
People are dying on dead end street.
(Dead end!)
Gonna die on dead end street.
Dead end street (yeah)
Dead end street (yeah)
Dead end street (yeah)
Head to my feet (yeah)
Dead end street (yeah)
Dead end street (yeah)
Dead end street (yeah)
How’s it feel? (yeah)
How’s it feel? (yeah)
Dead end street (yeah)
Dead end street (yeah)
 
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