This is a handaxe like artifact (Figure 1 and 2) from a homogenous assemblage (Figure 3) of Quina Mousterian tools from Saint- Maixent – l‘ École (Charente). Bifacial tools (usually scrapers) are always present in small quantities in Quina-ensembles. Bifacial Quina scrapers and MTA bifaces offer a similar functional status. They are durable, curated and often reshaped artifacts that were moved over the landscape by mobile hunters / gatherers during harsh environments (OIS4). Both classes of tools are characterized by their multifunctionality. On the other hand, their function differ, because Quina scrapers were sometimes used as cores, which was not the case in MTA-bifaces.
“Handaxes” in Quina context usually show a crude,- “chopping tool like-“and more globular shape. They are quite different both from Quina scrapers and the elegant MTA handaxes: Their functional status has rarely been investigated but according to recent observations they served most probably as cores.