Monthly Archives: April 2011

Cave Bear Canine from the Drachenhöhle at Mixnitz

I was astonished that such an historical item was sold in the Museums shop at the NMH in Vienna last year. I had dreamed of such a possibility almost during my whole life. One of the most important chemicals used … Continue reading

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Afghanistan arrowheads from the Bronze Age

  These are some delicate leaf-shaped and elongated rhomboidal arrowheads from Northern Afghanistan. Such weaponry is not typical for the Neolithic cultures of this region, but becomes only important during the Bronze age. In fact, arrowheads are the only flint … Continue reading

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A bifacial Dynastic knife from Fayum

With the introduction of farming and herding in Egypt, and successful development of a Neolithic economy in the lower Nile Valley, the economic foundation of the Pharaonic state was laid. Several communities in Upper and Lower Egypt became more dependent … Continue reading

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A triangular Handaxe from Neuburg an der Donau

This artifact comes from a silica mining pit located about 3km north of Neuburg an der Donau. It was found rather randomly by an amateur paleontologist who searched the area for bones of Ice Age animals. Dr. K.H. Rieder (former … Continue reading

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Quarrying and Mining

This is a Neolithic bifacial axe from Haute Silly, near Spiennes (Belgium), which is one of the largest Neolithic mining areas in the world, now registered in the UNESCO List. Interestingly this artifact is not made of the typical local … Continue reading

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The pitfall of using patination as a chronologic marker

These are two blade cores from Moravany Banka (Late Gravettian at 22 k.a BP) in Slovakia. Both were broken and the fragments which were found in short distance to each other were glued again. While the fragments of  the first core, … Continue reading

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Eastern Gravettian at Moravany Nad Vahom: the Banka-Site

These are upper Paleolithic artifacts, found during the last century at Moravany Banka. This site has been introduced into the scientific literature by Lothar F. Zotz and Wenzel Vlk in 1939 and has been reexcavated by an international team in the 1990ies. It … Continue reading

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The Iberomaurusian of N-Africa

Implements from the Gafsa-area (Tunesia).  The Iberomaurusian represents the earliest Upper Palaeolithic in the Maghreb. This technocomplex was introduced in 1909 by Pallary who described an microlithic industry from Abri Mouillah (western Algeria).  Geographically, the Iberomaurusians occupied the Mediterranean littoral … Continue reading

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The Single Grave Culture and the Emergence of a New Ideology

A facetted Battle Axe, found in Mecklenburg in the late 19th century (an item from the former Axel Guttmann collection) The Single Grave Culture (ca. 2900–2450/2350 cal. BC) belongs to the Corded Ware cultures of central, eastern and northern Europe, … Continue reading

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Gravettes from S/W-France

  These are broken Gravette Points from the sites of Laugerie haute, Laussel and La Gravette in the Aquitaine. Gravette Points are generally made from slender and narrow blades (“Gravettes”) or bladelets (“Microgravettes”). These points are characterized by a  straight … Continue reading

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