MTA Bifaces from the Perigord Noir

The MTA of the Perigord during OIS3 is characterized by small (length: usually < 12 cm), finely retouched cordiform bifaces, by backed elongated flakes (knives) and by well developed “upper Paleolithic tools”, mainly end-scrapers and some burins. Typical assemblages in caves and abris are: Le Moustier layer G and H, Pech-de-l’Azé layers 4 to 7, La Rochette layer 7 and La Grotte XVI layer C. The MTA method of shaping bifaces is characterized by the creation of a bi-convex transverse section, which progressively becomes plano-convex by resharpening.

In contrast to flake tools, MTA- bifaces are highly visible in the modern landscape, for example on fresh ploughed fields. Therefore it is no surprise that such tools have been found in large quantities by the inhabitants of regions with a high and continuous Paleolithic record, such as the Perigord Noir. These handaxes were found near Les Eyzies and Theon. They give a good impression of such surface findings.

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About Katzman

During my whole life I was fascinated by stone age artefacts. Not only the aesthetic qualities of these findings, but also the stories around them and the considerations arising from their discovery, are a part of my blog. Comments and contributions are allways welcome! About me: J.L. Katzman (Pseudonym). Born in Vienna. Left Austria in 1974 and did not regret. Studied Medicine and Prehistory at a German University. Member of a Medical Department at a German University. Copyright 2010-2017 by JLK. All Rights Reserved. You are welcome to use material in these posts so long as you cite the work.
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