Leafpoints (Blattspitzen)

Upper row, Left: Leaf points from the Lenderscheid site near Kassel, Right: single Leaf point from Kassel. Lower three rows: Fragments of large Leaf points, triangular handaxes and scrapers from the Röhrsheim site, 20 km from Lenderscheid. Here the leaf points look like rough outs from a workshop and have typoligical affinities with Lupemban lanceolates (Of course a convergence effect!) . All these artifacts were shown until recently at the “Landesmuseum” in Kassel, one of the most important German museums  with a department of prehistory. Now the exhibition is closed and will be reopened in 2015 with a new concept.

The oldest Leaf points in Europe come from layer VI at Korolevo and have  been dated to between 220,000 to 280,000 years ago (OIS 7). Large Leaf points (up to 12- to 20-cm long) have also been recovered from layer Va in trench XIII on Beyvar Hill at Korolevo.

There are a lot of sites with Leaf points (“Blattspitzen”) in Germany. Most of these findings are single-finds (Mundelsheim, Birklar, Bracht, Rauschenberg, Edertal-Böhne, Kassel), have been excavated a long time ago (Nördlingen- große und kleine Ofnet, Möhrsheim Steinerner Rosenkranz), or are of unclear stratigraphy (Lenderscheid, Röhrsheim, Beltershausen). Some sites have been securely dated to an Interstadial during OIS-3 (Oerel? / Glinde? / Hengelo?) between 50-35 k.a. BP. It is generally suggested, that such industries were produced by Neanderthals.

From a typological and maybe also from a chronological point of view, larger and more crude Leaf points are associated with middle Paleolithic material (Lenderscheid, Röhrsheim), especially with triangular handaxes and artifacts of the Middle European Micoquian. The famous and extremely fine Blattspitzen from Mauern come from an Interstadial and are also clearly associated with middle Paleolithic material (http://www.aggsbach.de/2010/07/middle-paleolithic-leaf-point-from-mauern/), while the Interstadial Ranis site (Stratum 2) shows both Jerzmanovice (Beedings)- points and classical Blattspitzen with a laminar tendency. Blattspitzen at the Bavarian sites at Zeitlarn I und II and Albersdorf are associated with Upper Paleolithic tools and maybe associated with the Moravian Szeletian (http://www.aggsbach.de/2011/06/leaf-points-during-the-middle-european-paleolithic/).

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