Leaf Points Revisited


The Paleolithic sites at Kleinheppach are known from their “Micoquian” material. I have already presented a Micoquian scraper(http://www.aggsbach.de/2010/08/the-middle-european-micoquien/) and a typical Aurignacian complex from this site http://www.aggsbach.de/2010/08/aurignacian-from-sw-germany/). All artifacts, displayed in the previous posts, were collected during the 1960ies by an Amateur without any stratigraphic or contextual control.

The “Leaf points “, displayed here, come from the same collection and from the same site. They may belong to a separated complex (“Lincombien-Ranissien- Jerzmanowicien”).Because the Aurignacian tools and Leafpoint artifacts were produced from the same raw materials, it could also be argued that both sets come from a single occupation (a technocomplex  between “Ranis 2 and 3”??).

 The LincombienRanissienJerzmanowicien is a poor documented technocomplex in Middle and North Europe and characterized by bifacial leaf poits, Jerzmanowicien-points” (“Blade Points” sensu Jacoby) and a “fonds commun” of upper Paleolithic tools. A few Radiocarbon dates indicate an age between 40-30 k.a BP. These dates are generally seen as being later than the time of the not radiometrically dated “Altmühlgruppe” and similar compexes with a Middle Paleolithic conotation. Blade points at Beedings have been identified as projectile points. If this result can be extrapolated to other Leaf- and Blade-points is actually under investigation.

This entity and other industries are sometimes subsumed under the label “Transitional units”, which also include the Châtelperronian but also other units with backed pieces (the Mediterranean Uluzzian; Krakow-Zwierzyniec in Poland and an industry arched backed points in the Klisoura Cave, layer V, the Gorodsovian and Bohunician).

 Suggested Reading: About the Beedings site


Leafpoints (Blattspitzen)

Middle paleolithic leaf point from Mauern

Leaf Point from Moravany nad Váhom-Dlhá

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