Bifaces from the Creuse Valley

Three bifaces discovered during quarrying operations in the 19th century from the Creuse Valley, near the the Grand-Pressigny area, in the center of France. Interestingly one specimen is a bifacial cleaver, a really rare implement in the European Paleolithic record. These pieces have been produced from the typical and famous local flint ,formed during the Turonian period.

The Neolithic production at the Grand-Pressigny area was always in the in the focus of public interest, but Lower and Middle Paleolithic artifacts have also been reported since the 19th century. Much material was discovered from La Sablière du Vivier, on the left bank of the Claise to Abilly and some exceptional pieces were published by de Mortillet as early as 1864. The excavations were extended by Paul Fitte, during the 1950ies and recently a detailed study about this material was conducted by Aurelian Bruchet (Bruchet, 1999).

Among numerous old quarry findings, another interesting site was detected at the Carrière de Ribault on the right bank of Creuse, just south of Descartes (Indre-et-Loire) also partially excavated by Paul Fitte in the 1950ies.

Unfortunately most of the Lower Paleolithic material comes from a secondary context and can not be securely dated. The debitage at these sites is usually non-Levallois and the handaxes are often thick without much sophistication.

Suggested Reading:

http://adane.canalblog.com/archives/2008/09/07/10489782.html

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About Katzman

During my whole life I was fascinated by stone age artefacts. Not only the aesthetic qualities of these findings, but also the stories around them and the considerations arising from their discovery, are a part of my blog. Comments and contributions are allways welcome!

About me: J.L. Katzman (Pseudonym). Born in Vienna. Left Austria in 1974 and did not regret. Studied Medicine and Prehistory at a German University. Member of a Medical Department at a German University.

Copyright 2010-2017 by JLK. All Rights Reserved. You are welcome to use material in these posts so long as you cite the work.

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One Response to Bifaces from the Creuse Valley

  1. Pingback: Cleaver from Mazières/ Creuse | Aggsbach's Paleolithic Blog

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