Busked burin from the Lenderscheid site near Kassel

On a busked burin several parallel bladelet removals are arranged on a convex (curved) edge. In most cases, a sort of notch was made on the end of the arc, opposite the bevel. Busked burins are usually seen as the hallmark of a late Aurignacian, at least in S/W-Europe.

Maisières, Paviland and Steeden an der Lahn are among the most Northern European Aurignacian sites in a stratigraphic context. In Northern Hesse, only isolated Aurignacian Artifacts, mostly  made from Quartzite have been found .

This is a classical busked burin from the Lenderscheid site (http://www.aggsbach.de/2010/08/1730/). Together with some carinated cores this artifact should be an indication for an Aurignacian, which is securely present at the Rheutersruh-site near Schwalmstadt within a 15 km distance from Lenderscheid.


Lenderscheid is located at the northern boundary of the Aurignacian oikumene, from which only few sites are currently known. A site at the same latitude (see Google Maps); 250 km east from Lenderscheid is the open-air site of Breitenbach ( a site of approx. 10,000 m2!) in Thuringia. The lithic assemblage comprised carinated scrapers but lacking backed pieces.  Several 14C dates (AMS) place the occupations at Breitenbach between 24 and 28 k.a. BP. Using the calpal software, these dates translate into 26 to 31 calendar years ago. This renders Breitenbach a very late representative of the Aurignacian tradition, as the Gravettian is well represented in Central and Eastern Europe at this time. We will certainly hear many news from this site, which has been reopened for excavations.

The way from Lenderscheid to Breitenbach on Google Maps. Following the valleys, animals and prehistoric people probably used the same tracks…

Suggested Reading (Breitenbach)


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