Northern German Epipaleolithic

These artifacts (truncated blades, burins, short scrapers) were found as a surface scatter near Bad Segeberg at the Warder-lake in Schleswig Holstein. This ensemble would fit into an inventory of the so called Federmesser- (‘penknife’) group (Schwabedissen, 1954) which is part of the “Aziliation” of large parts of Europe during the Allerød Interstadial. Federmesser are usually seen as arrow tips propelled by bow.

In Schleswig a very early Federmesser camp of elk hunters has been excavated at Klein Nordende , Landkreis Pinneberg, dated  at 12 k.a BP. According to the palynological data of this site, the transition to the Federmesser complex may be even dated  shortly before 12 k.a BP.

After the Older Dryas period, the Allerød Interstadial is a period marked by the gradual growth of birch and later also of pine trees. The Allerød lasted approximately 1200 years from 11.9 to 10.7 k.a BP. The faunal remains of reindeer during the Allerød in Schleswig-Holstein became rare, while remains of elks were now more common. Anyhow the occurrence of giant deer and horse indicates the continued existence of areas with an open landscape.

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