Northern German Epipaleolithic

These artifacts (truncated blades, burins, short scrapers) were found as a surface scatter near Bad Segeberg at the Warder-lake in Schleswig Holstein. This ensemble would fit into an inventory of the so called Federmesser- (‘penknife’) group (Schwabedissen, 1954) which is part of the “Aziliation” of large parts of Europe during the Allerød Interstadial. Federmesser are usually seen as arrow tips propelled by bow.

In Schleswig a very early Federmesser camp of elk hunters has been excavated at Klein Nordende , Landkreis Pinneberg, dated  at 12 k.a BP. According to the palynological data of this site, the transition to the Federmesser complex may be even dated  shortly before 12 k.a BP.

After the Older Dryas period, the Allerød Interstadial is a period marked by the gradual growth of birch and later also of pine trees. The Allerød lasted approximately 1200 years from 11.9 to 10.7 k.a BP. The faunal remains of reindeer during the Allerød in Schleswig-Holstein became rare, while remains of elks were now more common. Anyhow the occurrence of giant deer and horse indicates the continued existence of areas with an open landscape.

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About Katzman

During my whole life I was fascinated by stone age artefacts. Not only the aesthetic qualities of these findings, but also the stories around them and the considerations arising from their discovery, are a part of my blog. Comments and contributions are allways welcome! About me: J.L. Katzman (Pseudonym). Born in Vienna. Left Austria in 1974 and did not regret. Studied Medicine and Prehistory at a German University. Member of a Medical Department at a German University. Copyright 2010-2017 by JLK. All Rights Reserved. You are welcome to use material in these posts so long as you cite the work.
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