Chatelperronian Points from the Pas-Estret site

chatelperronien chatelperronian katzmann aggsbachThese are Chatelperronian Points from the Pas-Estret site (Beune) near Les Eyzies excavated during a couple of days by Dr. Ampoullanges in 1911.

Many questions about the Chatelperronian, a technocomplex which is found stratigraphically above the Mousterian and below the Protoaurignacian and Aurignacian in S/W-France have not been resolved till now.

  1. The Backing of tools in the MTA-B and the Chatelperronian and a similar geographical distribution of both technocomplexes is highly suggestive that the Chatelperronian is derived from the MTA-B, but this is far from being firmly proven. Another open question is the degree of mixing between several Chatelperronian and underlying Mousterian strata at some sites.
  2. The exact date and the duration of the Chatelperronian are not known. This fact is mainly the result of unreliable C-14 data in strata > 30-35 k.a BP.
  3. The exact temporal overlap between the Chatelperronian with the Protoaurignacian and Aurignacian is not known.
  4. The makers of the Chatelperronian are not known, despite Neanderthal remains in the Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure, and at La Roche à Pierrot (St. Césaire). They could be intrusive.
  5. If one accepts that Neanderthals were the makers of the Chatelperronian, the question remains if this technocomplex was created before the advent of Homo sapiens or was stimulated by the arrival of Homo sapiens in S/W-France.

These questions are addressed during renewed archaeological work at Les Cottés (Vienne), first excavated by the underestimated  L. Pradel in the 1950s and at  the Le Piage site, a key site for the Early Upper Paleolithic in southwestern France

The Châtelperronian: a fully developed Leptholithic Industry

The Beune valley in 1905:

beune

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About Katzman

During my whole life I was fascinated by stone age artefacts. Not only the aesthetic qualities of these findings, but also the stories around them and the considerations arising from their discovery, are a part of my blog. Comments and contributions are allways welcome! About me: J.L. Katzman (Pseudonym). Born in Vienna. Left Austria in 1974 and did not regret. Studied Medicine and Prehistory at a German University. Member of a Medical Department at a German University. Copyright 2010-2017 by JLK. All Rights Reserved. You are welcome to use material in these posts so long as you cite the work.
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5 Responses to Chatelperronian Points from the Pas-Estret site

  1. Andrea Cache says:

    What a wonderful blog. I do not know any better pages about the current discussions in paleolithic archaeology

  2. Marquardt says:

    Quite nice to look in here from time to time. Where are all these artifact picture from?

  3. Katzman says:

    I like your page also. All artifacts are from my own collection…..

  4. Brendy says:

    More posts of this quality. Not the usual c***, please

  5. Pingback: I am not amused…. | Aggsbach's Paleolithic Blog

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