Trifacial Arrowhead from the Middle Scandinavian Neolithic

During the Middel and Late Neolithic, small masterpieces of flint technology have been found in Southern Scandinavia . This is a  “Pitware Culture Arrowhead D -Type with three seams,  belonging to the younger part of the Pitware Culture (3300-2300 BC) of South Sweden . These artifacts were trimmed from three sides. A number of them have toothed edges.

These arrowheads were made with an advanced pressure flaking technique, where small flakes of flint are removed with a pointed, hand-held tool. Arrowheads appear as stray finds scattered over the landscape, but are sometimes also found at settlement sites and in graves. Worked arrowheads were used throughout the Dagger Period and until the Late Bronze Age, when they were outcompeted from arrowheads of metal.

About Katzman

During my whole life I was fascinated by stone age artefacts. Not only the aesthetic qualities of these findings, but also the stories around them and the considerations arising from their discovery, are a part of my blog. Comments and contributions are allways welcome! About me: J.L. Katzman (Pseudonym). Born in Vienna. Left Austria in 1974 and did not regret. Studied Medicine and Prehistory at a German University. Member of a Medical Department at a German University. Copyright 2010-2017 by JLK. All Rights Reserved. You are welcome to use material in these posts so long as you cite the work.
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2 Responses to Trifacial Arrowhead from the Middle Scandinavian Neolithic

  1. Tom Holck says:

    Let me add.
    In Scandinavien we call this culture the Groubeceramic culture. They lived by the cost-line in south west Sweden, the northern part of Zealand in Denmark and the North Jutland area along the cost and in ”Limfjorden”.
    The 2 longest of these arrows are 16-18 cm long and were found in Thy in north Jutland. Many speculation of the use. We think they must have had very strong Longbows, but thise are never found. They purpose was properly to hunt larger sea animals seals and smaller whales. Some of the early arrows were made in slate. These people joined the Danish costline to collect flint. Later they disappeared or where outperformed by the Danish Singlegrave People. Many of these arrows have been found in Singlegrave-settlements or graves. And this culture liked the arrows so much that they made them by themselves. The latest types are not made from blades, but from tresided corepieces and are not so long around 5-6 cm.
    Please enjoy some of mine. Some of the top 5 arrows. We devide then in types A-B-C-D The early blade types the A typres is difficult to distingues from the normal older blade arrows. The toothed ones use to be the type C. To make these straight arrows they used cores that where worked from both ends to make the blades straight. These cores are the leading tools to find there settlements. Other tools are the same as other cultures from the same timespan


  2. Virpi Wallenius says:

    Hi, Tom. I hope you see this message. I have been trying to contact you. It has been a few years since I was in contact with you and I am not sure if you still have the same e-mail address. I would greatly appreciate it if you could contact me. I will post my e-mail address here in case you see it or someone who knows you could relay my message and contact info to you.

    Virpi from Finland

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