The late Gravettian of Western Slovakia

Several shouldered points from the late Gravettian in the Vah-valley.

Together with Willendorf I/II in Lower Austria, sites in the adjacent area of Western Slovakia form a dense cluster of the late Gravettian in Middle Europe.

The Moravany and the the nearby Trencin-region situated in the western part of Slovakia, at the river Vah were inhabited since the Micoquian (Trenčianska Turná and Zamarovce) and Mousterian (Mníchova Lehota-Stráže and Mníchova Lehota-Biele hliny).

EUP leaf points (Szelettian) are known from  Moravany-Dlhá and other sites near Piešťany, Trenčianska Turná I and II, Trenčianska Turná-Hámre and Trenčianske Stankovce I. The chronological position of these leaf points is unclear till now.

While there are some doubts about Aurignacian settlements in the Vah-region, many encampments can be dated to the shouldered points horizon ( Willendorf-Kostenki-Kompex): Near Moravany nad Váhom at Lopata and Banka, Noviny, Podkovica, Banka-Kopanica, Banka-Horné farské role. In the Trencin-region Gravettian and Willendorf-Kostekian ensembles were found at Trenčianske Stankovce I-VI, Trenčianska Turná I-IV, Trenčianska Turná-Hámre, Mníchova Lehota I, and Zamarovce.

Trenčianske Bohuslavice with its late Gravettian Leaf points remains atypical in this context, but remains the most important Gravettian in the Trencín Basin. Its importance lies mainly in the extent of Bárta’s research in 1980s, and the modern excavations from 2008 revealing a minimum of 3 radiocarbon dated Gravettian cultural layers spanning the timeframe between 26 to 30 k.a. cal. BP.

Epigravettian inventories were found possibly at Moravany Zakowska, allthough renewed dating pushed this industry chronologically back to the earlier Gravettian. Epigravettian seems to be also present at Trenčianska Turná-Hámre and Mníchova Lehota-Stráže.

Gravettian Geography:

gravettian aggsbach geography

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About Katzman

During my whole life I was fascinated by stone age artefacts. Not only the aesthetic qualities of these findings, but also the stories around them and the considerations arising from their discovery, are a part of my blog. Comments and contributions are allways welcome! About me: J.L. Katzman (Pseudonym). Born in Vienna. Left Austria in 1974 and did not regret. Studied Medicine and Prehistory at a German University. Member of a Medical Department at a German University. Copyright 2010-2017 by JLK. All Rights Reserved. You are welcome to use material in these posts so long as you cite the work.
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