Paleolithic tools from St-Pierre-les-Elbeuf have been collected since the 1880ies. This large bifaces is said to come from the “basis” of the Elbeuf sequence, but such a declaration has to be handled with care. Older Loess deposits (older than the last glacial) are well preserved in Normandy. The St-Pierre-les-Elbeuf pedostratigraphy in the Lower Seine valley includes four loess and four fully developed interglacial leached brown soils (Elbeuf I, II, III and IV) separated by loess and sandy loess. Elbeuf IV has been allocated by several lines of evidence to MIS 11, especially on the basis of its malacological content and stratigraphic position. A calcareous tufa is present at the top of the Elbeuf IV soil. The molluscan fauna from this tufa indicates a forest interglacial environment. It is similar to the faunas of the Vernon (between Rouen and Paris) and the La Celle tufa. There are no definitive radiometric dates for Elbeuf II and III. Elbeuf I can securely dated to the Eem interglacial.
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